Health study on environment, biomonitoring, physical activity and nutrition (Esteban), 2014-2016.  Nutrition section.  Chapter Physical activity and sedentary lifestyle.  2nd edition
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Health study on environment, biomonitoring, physical activity and nutrition (Esteban), 2014-2016. Nutrition section. Chapter Physical activity and sedentary lifestyle. 2nd edition

The nutritional component of the Health Study on the environment, biomonitoring, physical activity and nutrition (Esteban 2014-2016) aimed to describe food consumption, physical activity, sedentary lifestyle and the state nutritional status of the population residing in mainland France. For this nutritional component, this was a renewal of the National Nutrition and Health Study (ENNS), carried out in 2006-2007, in order to have reliable data on the evolution of indicators which had already been the subject of a first collection 10 years ago. Esteban was carried out on a sample of children aged 6 to 17 and adults aged 18 to 74 living in mainland France. Following a random draw according to a three-stage sampling plan, the inclusion of subjects took place from April 2014 to March 2016 to take into account the seasonality of food and possible exposures. The collection of data on physical activity and sedentary lifestyle aimed to assess the level of physical activity of the population and its adequacy with health recommendations. This involved measuring the level of physical activity (in terms of frequency, duration, intensity of practice) and the level of sedentary lifestyle (daily duration of sedentary activities, time spent in front of a screen) of adults and children, in the context of all their activities (professional, school, domestic, leisure, etc.). These data were collected by self-questionnaires and covered a nationally representative sample of 2,682 adults and 1,182 children aged 6 to 17. The results indicate that in 2015, 53% of women and 71% of men met WHO recommendations for physical activity. There was no difference according to the level of diploma. Between 2006 and 2015, the level of physical activity decreased among women regardless of their age. It increased among men aged 40-54 and remained stable in other age groups. Nearly 90% of adults (without distinction between men and women, nor according to educational level) reported 3 hours or more of sedentary activities per day and 42% more than 7 hours. One in five adults combined the two risk factors, namely a high level of sedentary lifestyle and a low level of physical activity, below recommendations. The average daily time spent in front of a screen has increased significantly over the last 10 years. While in 2006, 53% of adults reported spending 3 hours or more in front of a screen every day outside of any professional activity, this was 80% in 2015. This increase affected all age groups and all educational levels. , but was more pronounced in women. Finally, although it is significant for the entire adult population, sedentary lifestyle seemed more the result of “sedentary leisure activities” (such as time spent in front of a screen) among the least educated people and more the result of a sedentary professional activity among the most qualified. Concerning children aged 6-17 years, only 51% of boys and 33% of girls met the WHO recommendations for physical activity in 2015. The level of physical activity varied depending on gender and age. age. Children aged 6-10 were the most active. Seven in 10 boys and one in two girls reached the recommendations in this age group, compared to a third of boys and a fifth of girls aged over 10. Physical inactivity increased considerably after age 11, more pronounced among girls. There has been no significant change in the level of physical activity of children over the last 10 years. However, between 2006 and 2015, a trend towards an increase in physical activity among 15-17 year olds was observed. Concerning a sedentary lifestyle, almost half of children aged 6-10 reported spending 3 hours or more in front of a screen every day, this proportion reached 70% of 11-14 year olds, 71% of girls and 87% of boys aged 15-14. 17 years. On average, between 2006 and 2015, daily time spent in front of a screen increased by 25 minutes among children aged 6-10, by 1 hour and 15 minutes among children aged 11-14 and by almost 2 hours among children aged 15-17. years. These results highlight still low levels of physical activity and a high sedentary lifestyle among adults and children residing in mainland France in 2015, as well as an almost general deterioration of these indicators over the last 10 years. It therefore appears necessary, from a public health perspective, to intervene jointly to increase the level of physical activity of the population and limit the time spent in sedentary behavior. Particular attention must be paid to women in whom these factors have deteriorated more pronouncedly over the last 10 years.

Author : Deschamps Valérie, Salanave Benoît, Torres Marion, Verdot Charlotte
Year of publication: 2020
Pages: 58 p.
Collection : Studies and surveys

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